What is Defamation?
Libel and slander are types of defamation. The term defamation means a false statement made by one person about someone else. To qualify as defamation, the false statement must be hurtful and cause harm to the other party.
To prove defamation, a person must show all of the following:
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- The statement about him or her was false;
- The statement injured him or her in some manner;
- The statement was communicated to a third person by the defendant; and
- The statement was not privileged (confidential). An example of a privileged statement is testimony given by a witness during a trial.